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Meaning of Numbers on a PAN Card

In the past, we covered articles to explain the meaning of numbers on a credit card and meaning of numbers on a cheque. Just like a credit card or a cheque leaf, the numbers and alphabets on a PAN card too have a significance. Through this article, we’ll understand the meaning of these alphabets and numbers found on a PAN card.

Meaning of Numbers on a Pan Card

Here is how a PAN card looks like:

PanCard Sample

Unlike credit cards or cheque leafs, which have only numbers, a PAN Card consists of a 10 digit alphanumeric sequence. Let’s understand what each character of this sequence stands for.

First 3 Characters

The first 3 characters on a PAN card represent an alphabetic series running from AAA to ZZZ.

4th Character

The 4th character represents the status of the PAN holder, which can be one of the following:

  • C – Company
  • P – Person
  • H — HUF (Hindu Undivided Family)
  • F — Firm
  • A — Association of Persons (AOP)
  • T — AOP (Trust)
  • B — Body of Individuals (BOI)
  • L — Local Authority
  • J — Artificial Juridical Person
  • G — Government

So, an individual will have the 4th character as P.

5th Character

The fifth character of the PAN is the first letter of:

  1. the surname in the case the status is “P”, or,
  2. the name of the Entity, Trust, Society, Organization, HUF, etc. in all other cases

For e.g., an individual with the name Vivek Kumar Shukla will have S as the fifth character.

If you change your surname after marriage or due to any other reason, your PAN card number will remain unchanged.

6th to 9th Characters

The next four numbers are sequential numbers running from 0001 to 9999.

10th Character

The last digit is an alphabetic check digit which is generated by applying a formula to the preceding nine letters and numbers.


Below is a pictorial representation of the above information to easily explain the meaning of numbers on a PAN card:

PAN Card Meaning

Don’t forget to share this interesting piece of information with your friends.

Do you know you can identify if a credit card is fake by doing simple calculation?

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18 Responses to Meaning of Numbers on a PAN Card

  1. Aamjunta June 30, 2013 at 10:00 pm #

    After reading your post, I went back, checked my PAN card and now I know what is my number says… Thanks a lot

  2. CHEETALM June 30, 2013 at 10:10 pm #

    Good one buddy !!!

  3. salil t July 1, 2013 at 10:37 am #

    A very valuable piece of information .thank you very much.

  4. Yashwant Golecha July 1, 2013 at 4:43 pm #

    Good one boss 🙂

  5. Khanik Borah July 3, 2013 at 8:10 am #

    Very informative…..but the 10th character explanation is somewhat hazy

  6. Mantu kumar October 9, 2013 at 10:45 pm #

    Thanks a lot for giving this precious information

  7. Anjaneyulu January 14, 2014 at 11:32 pm #

    It is very useful information to me thank you very much

  8. SAMAR KHANAM January 26, 2014 at 8:56 pm #

    It’realy a valuable piece of information

  9. rachanaa April 5, 2014 at 11:50 am #

    i find most of ur posts are easy to understand and informative , thanks

  10. bharatkumar April 29, 2014 at 6:27 pm #

    when i started NGO before a year my lawyer told that u must have ur trust pan. now i under stand the 4th and 5th words makes it different.thanks dude

  11. Jaimin January 10, 2015 at 9:48 am #

    What is the formula for the 10 th digit?

  12. Gururaj February 8, 2015 at 9:23 pm #

    This is a very good information.Thanks a lot.I’ll share this with my friends.

  13. sidhanta senapati March 31, 2015 at 8:41 am #

    i get more knowledge in this side
    thank you…

  14. Sen M. K May 28, 2015 at 6:19 pm #

    Would you please let me know the check sum formula to find check digit

  15. S.P.Mishra June 26, 2015 at 12:53 pm #

    Thanks Lot.

    This is informative for readers.

  16. Shankar Upadhyay August 18, 2015 at 10:45 pm #

    The website is realy verry easy to understand…

  17. Deepak Arora December 9, 2015 at 6:39 pm #

    Please explain me the 10th digit of pan number with example.

  18. RAMESH JI January 31, 2019 at 5:31 pm #


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